Animals

The training of your puppy

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The sooner the better? When it comes to puppy training, this phrase is totally true. The young are very curious and face the world still free of preconceived ideas. We can take advantage of this quality to teach the dog through play, but consequently, what is expected of him and what behaviors are not appropriate.

The first day at home

Puppy training should begin the same day of your arrival home. Start by helping him know his name. Use it every time you play with him, feed him or caress him, and he will soon recognize him and respond when you call him. As soon as he knows his name, you can use it to communicate with him and to start training your puppy.

The next step is to get used to using the collar and the strap. It may feel a bit weird at first, but be patient: you will get it! Put a light collar on when you get home, and practice taking it for a walk with a light strap. If you still have not given all the vaccines you need, start practicing on a leash around the house and in the garden. You may be very nervous, or pull the strap when you take it for a walk. If it does, you should try a Gentle Leader ronzal. With the ronzal the direction of the walk and the basic training will be simpler and quieter, both for you and for the puppy.

One of the best ways to socialize your puppy in a fun and friendly environment is a puppy meeting.

Socialize your new puppy

It is essential that your new puppy is socialized correctly if you want him to become a happy and reliable adult dog.

One of the best ways to socialize your puppy in a fun and friendly environment is a puppy gathering. Your veterinary clinic will probably organize this type of encounter for puppies who have had their first injections (approximately, at eight weeks of age). If you don't, maybe I can inform you of someone who organizes them.

Puppy encounters allow puppies of similar ages to gather to play and have fun. Find a meeting led by expert trainers or veterinary nurses, as they will know how to create a positive and fun experience that increases your puppy's confidence. If the encounter does not take place properly, your puppy will not enjoy or even feel scared, but with expert monitors, he will love making friends.

The encounter for puppies will probably be the first time that puppies play with other puppies since they left their siblings, and many of them may have a very different appearance and behavior from their littermates.

While they meet and research in a controlled environment, they learn valuable lessons for life, such as the importance of not biting, understanding body language and canine facial expressions and how to communicate with others. These meetings are also a great opportunity for your puppy to meet with trainers and be led by them, which will strengthen their confidence when interacting with people.

The instructors will help you teach your puppy good manners, such as not being possessive of food or toys, giving them when asked and not pushing people through the doors. With lots of practice at home and enough healthy treats as a reward, you will soon have a calm, happy and educated family member with whom it will be a pleasure to live together.

Training classes for puppies

Once your puppy has received all of his vaccinations, between 12 and 16 weeks of age, he can move from puppy encounters to training classes. They are essential for the development of your puppy and very fun for you too.

In training classes you will teach your puppy basic exercises and orders, such as "sitting", "down", "still", "come" (and it is even possible that he starts to learn some fun tricks like "kicks" or "flip"!) In these classes both owners and their dogs are taught, and you will be shown how to train your puppy using modern, cordial and motivational techniques.

When you are looking for a puppy training class, choose one that is friendly, organized, fun and reward-based. There must be at least one trainer or assistant for every six puppies, so that the dogs maintain interest and do not get bored. A good trainer will allow you to attend a class before signing up so you can make sure you have chosen the right place. If the class is overcrowded or chaotic, if the instructor yells or punishes the dogs (or the owners!) Or if he uses hanging collars, don't come back. You and your best friend deserve better.

Your puppy's breeder and veterinarian will be happy to help and advise you, and on the Purina website you will find more information on where to find a good puppy trainer near you: Website Purina

Training your dog helps build a valuable bond between the two, so enjoy every moment. Good luck, and have fun!

Grooming habits

This training You can start the same day you take the puppy home. With persistence, you can instill grooming habits in two to four weeks, occasionally, for a few more days.

Normally the puppy will want to make his needs about ten minutes after eating. If possible, take it outside at that time. Until you have about six months, it may be necessary to take him out for a walk five times a day. Later you can reduce the trips to three newspapers. On these walks you will probably show preference for places that have been used by others dogs. If he does, take him to that place every time you take him out, and very soon he will associate the walks with the idea of ​​doing his needs and will usually do them quickly when he arrives at his favorite place. When he has done his needs, praise him repeatedly and re-enter him into the house. This will make you realize what the purpose of the ride is.

Training with newspaper

Spread newspapers in a corner that you have designated as your puppy's toilet corner. Shortly after he has eaten, take the puppy there and stay with him until he has done his needs, and then praise him repeatedly. Also, take the puppy to the same place when he wakes from his nighttime sleep or from his naps.

Then, take out the dirty papers and replace them with clean papers, but leaving a dirty paper on top. If you prefer, you can buy one of the various materials manufactured for these purposes at a pet store. The smell reminds the puppy what these papers are for.

When you start train him to make your needs on the papers, spread the newspapers over a large area. You will discover that he returns to a preferred place. Gradually reduce the paper covered surface until it is enough to put several sheets in the place of your choice. Fold it when you make a mistake, and then take it to your chosen place. In the event of an "accident" of this nature, never, under any circumstances should a person be hit puppy. Clean the place you soiled with vinegar or ammonia diluted with warm water. This will eliminate any smell that could attract you again to the same place.

For the transition from the use of newspaper papers inside the house to the exclusive use of the outside, when you take it out for a walk, take a few newspapers with you or a container of suitable commercial material. Spread them over the place you want them to use and when they do, praise them and congratulate them profusely. Congratulate yourself too, because you both will have done a good job.

good manners

It's nice to own a dog good trained. It is convenient to start a program of training when the dog is still a puppy, by the time he is an adult dog, he will have learned all the rules that you have established for him.

If you puppy It has a comfortable place to be, you are less likely to want to occupy yours. A firm "no" accompanied by a sound of palms will indicate your error. your puppy Will learn soon if you insist. There are also repellent sprayers for dogs which can be used to keep them away from furniture. They have an unpleasant smell for dogs but not for you, and they are harmless if the furniture tapestry is sprayed with them.

The dogs Young people are especially exuberant, and they will not hesitate to let you know. When you puppy jump on you (or on any other person), take his front legs and put them on the ground, saying at the same time a resounding "No".

A puppy He feels anxious to test his new teeth on almost anything. The best thing you can do to satisfy that need to bite and lessen your cravings is to give it a suitable object to bite it. In animal stores you will find products of suitable materials, specially designed to meet the needs of biting a puppy, safe and effective and that will provide you with countless hours of pleasure and fun. These products exist in a variety of sizes and interesting designs: bones, knots and rings. An important additional benefit is that these artifacts contribute to the general cleaning of the teeth while performing a vigorous gum massage, thus helping to protect your puppy against dental diseases.

If you discover your puppy Biting any object other than those that are allowed to bite, immediately show your disapproval by firmly saying "No" and removing the prohibited object. On the contrary, when he bites his objects destined for that purpose, stroke and praise him repeatedly. Make sure everyone in the house does the same thing constantly.

If you puppy bark when you are absent, your neighbors will let you know quickly. Your complaints will be justified. So take the trouble to take your canine friend from that habit while you still have time to do it. Pretend you're leaving, but wait silently outside the door. Probably the puppy He will start to howl as soon as he thinks you left. He shouts "No, no, no" and quickly returns inside, giggling and showing great disgust. A few lessons like this, before your bad habit takes hold, you will teach That the only result you can get from howling and barking is an angry master.

A dog that barks as a warning is a valuable companion, but a charlatan who barks for any reason and at any time is a nuisance unless it is teach to stop doing it as soon as ordered.

Training to obey

Although your puppy has to learn the habits of grooming and good manners from the day he arrives at your home, simple obedience orders such as those presented here can wait until he is at least six months old. It is very important to keep in mind the need to have patience in everything related to training of a dog Along with patience, you have to be aware. If you keep this in mind while you're training you puppy, you will have more chances of achieving success.

How to teach our dog to walk by our side

We will need to tie our dog with a short leash, no more than a meter long. We will begin to walk in the area dedicated to training with care that our dog never tries to go ahead of us. When you try, we will take a 180º turn so that we take a new direction, this will disorient you a little by making you aware of us.

We will take medium-strong rides, turning 90º or 180º unexpectedly. If our dog tries to go ahead of us, we will take a turn so that he has to vary and loosen the leash to follow us. You can see all the recommended techniques in our publication How to teach your dog to walk.

This type of training is possibly one of the most complicated, many dogs have a hard time to walk properly, but when they get it, it is a real pleasure to walk with them. If we see that our dog is too euphoric or that we cannot master the walk, we must use the tricks outlined in the article recommended above.

There are also special "anti-pull" harnesses, which will facilitate this training task if our dog is excessively euphoric.

The order "Sit" (Sit down)

With your puppy in front of you or your side, hold the strap with your right hand so that it is tight, and give the order "Sit." At the same time, lean in and with your left hand press its leg until it feels. You may want to lie down or lie on your side. Do not let him. Straighten it with your left hand on its side. Then give him a treat and praise him. Repeat the routine several times, always rewarding it when it responds well. He will soon associate the order with the pressure on his leg and anticipate it before you touch it.

The «Down» Order (Lie down)

Once you puppy It feels when you order it, it won't be difficult teach him the "Down" order. With one hand, hold it by the collar, give the command «Down» and with soft> front legs forward while continuing to press down with the left. Another way to do this is to pass the strap under your shoe and tighten it with your right hand while pressing on your shoulders with your left, while saying «Down». When you want him to get up, give him the "Up" or "Up" command and go one or two steps. The repetition of this procedure will teach Soon your dog will lie on his four legs when he receives the order.

The "Stay" Order

This order is an extension of the "Sit" and "Down" orders. First, order the puppy that feels ("Sit") or cast ("Down"). In front of the dog, give the order «Stay». Slowly back up, raising a finger to warn him not to move. If he does, say "No!" Vigorously. Leave the leash on the ground, from him to you, while walking backwards. Keep repeating "Stay" (or the order you have chosen) or "No", depending on your reaction. With each lesson, try to step back a little more until there is a free space between you and the end of the strap. If at first it stays in its position, if only for a moment, praise it and reward it when you call it.

The order "Let's go"

The correct way to walk with a mature dog is as follows: You take the free end of the leash with your left hand, the leash crosses your body in front until you reach the dog that sits on your right, with your left hand you control the slack of the belt, shortening or lengthening it as necessary. Say clearly "Bobby, let's go" and start taking the first step with your left foot. If the dog comes forward, give it a good pull with your left hand, but immediately loosen the leash again. The pull with the leash is what gets the dog to learn. It makes you feel awkward for a moment, and you will soon learn that if you walk correctly at the level of your left knee there will be no jerks. Keep walking, keep pulling the belt when necessary, and keep repeating the order. Some trainers They use a roll of newspapers to tap the dog every time they give him the "Let's go" order, but personally I have never seen it necessary. However, patting the left leg can sometimes be a help. Remember to praise him every time he gets in the right position. Try doing these sessions of training for fifteen minutes twice a day. You will be surprised how quickly you learn.

The order "Shake hands"

The puppies they slap each other playing. your puppy It will slap you. Great. Take his paw and shake it. Is it the wrong leg? Yes, since most of the puppies They will extend the leg closest to your hand. With the puppy in a sitting position, push his right shoulder with your left hand. When you lift the front leg, take your "hand" in your right hand, tap it, and then reward it. Keep repeating the "Shake Your Hand" command every time you perform this action.

I repeat, do not expect to get good results immediately with your new puppy.

If you want to know in depth everything you need to train a puppy dog, we recommend the publication Your first dog of the Editorial Hispano Europea:

Latest Comments on this article (49)

By txemi on 05/15/2014 at 00: 37h

2nd training in positive, very fun and entertaining, the dog gets its reward, there are means to eliminate unwanted behaviors without punishment.
3rd mixed media, intermediate points between the two, (I don't know this system).


Within canine ethology the owner assumes his status as a leader, is based on the natural instinct of the dog, I do not know how it works, I do not understand for example how it will be done to obey who applies it if he does not give orders, I suppose they will be complementary techniques to training .
On the other hand, I understand that if the owner is the guide, he must be respected and obeyed, for me this is a form of leadership.

By txemi on 05/15/2014 at 00: 23h

I have found some information about Claudi joe and it seems novel and interesting I will buy the book, I think some things could be used in a complementary way to training, but I think at the risk of appearing daring you cannot completely supplant it, I already said that I have to read it and Then someone will have to practice it and measure its results.
Arrived here we already know that there are many training techniques, but all are based on 2 groups:

Learning theory, within this we find:
1st traditional training, based exclusively on negative reinforcement and punishment, the dog suffers a lot of pressure, was used with military dogs in the 2 world wars (I am against this practice.

By txemi on 05/14/2014 at 10:44 p.m.

You are absolutely right the staff> # 47 # 43 I disagree with any of the techniques explained, but in general, they are a reasonable principle, it is very important to respect the personality of the dog and especially, above all, the most important thing is that the Dog learn to learn.
I bought Claudia Fugazza's first book and her "do as I do", I have no words, look for information about it.

By joejlopez on 05/14/2014 at 10:28 p.m.

# 43 Sit (sitting) suppose we see the puppy sitting because he feels like it, we immediately give him the oeden and reward him, it will not take long to catch him and he will soon obey you waiting for his treat, this is called training by association, the dog associates the order with Sit and prize. The platz (lying down) is the same, here and we will say it with joy and enthusiasm with a reward to obey.
The fruit (no) and auss (loose) we will say severely and authority since it is a reproach.

The fuss (together) without pulling the belt is already more difficult, at first we will put the collar for a while at home to get used to it later with the strap and release it at home, when we take it out to the street we will give it soft pulls back every time you pull and we will tell you fuss (the words with a voice blow are more effective), if we do it well with 6 months it will do all this and the true discipline of the basic training starts with 8 months but we have all this In advance, it is perfected and we can teach you new things.
If you start it with 6 months you lose precious time.

By Parisian on 05/14/2014 at 9:51 p.m.

# 43 Sit (sitting) suppose we see the puppy sitting because he feels like it, we immediately give him the oeden and reward him, it will not take long to catch him and he will soon obey you waiting for his treat, this is called training by association, the dog associates the order with Sit and prize. The platz (lying down) is the same, here and we will say it with joy and enthusiasm with a reward to obey.
The fruit (no) and auss (loose) we will say severely and authority since it is a reproach.

The fuss (together) without pulling the belt is already more difficult, at first we will put the collar for a while at home to get used to it later with the strap and release it at home, when we take it out to the street we will give it soft pulls back every time you pull and we will tell you fuss (the words with a voice blow are more effective), if we do it well with 6 months it will do all this and the true discipline of the basic training starts with 8 months but we have all this In advance, it is perfected and we can teach you new things.
If you start it with 6 months you lose precious time.

Very important

Remember that a puppy is like a baby, even if you think he should be smart and obey, he will really just want to eat, play and sleep. So be very patient and never get mad at him if he doesn't obey you.

All dogs are puppies until they are fourteen - sixteen months old, where they are already considered young dogs. Until five or six months of life, it is completely normal that they ignore you.

But that doesn't mean we shouldn't start teaching them how to behave. Some begin to learn at three months and others at six. Be that as it may, remember that will be your best friend, treat it as such.

And if you still don't have a puppy but you are thinking of having one, remember that there are thousands waiting to be adopted in the multiple animal protectors located throughout the country.

How to educate a puppy to make his needs away from home

Teaching our puppy to do his needs away from home is very simple, but we must be patient because it is not something they learn in a week or two.

Once our puppy has his vaccines on (you can see here which are: Vaccination schedule for dogs) we can leave the house to walk with him and teach him to pee and poop out of the house.

Some dogs learn to do their things away from home with four months and others with six months ... each dog is a world, and each case is different, so time may vary a bit.

Teaching them is really simple: When your dog pees or poops at home you should not scold him, look bad or get angry (they notice). You just have to clean the dirty and continue with your daily routine.

When you go for a walk and pee or poop in the street, at the end you should congratulate him, pet him and give him a prize (a treat for dogs, a piece of sausage, whatever you want).

In this way, your puppy will associate peeing and pooping away from home to something positive that has a prize and in a short time, will stop doing his things inside the house.

Super tip: Dogs are animals of customs and routines, if you usually go out at the same times, you will learn much faster to control yourself and do your little things outside the home.

Practical example

Schedule four or five departures a day for at least fifteen minutes (morning, noon, afternoon and evening), always at the same times to get used to.

Every time you do your things away from home, congratulate him "Good dog" - "Very good Tobby" and pet him a little while you give him his prize. This technique is called "positive reinforcement" and is the one that has shown the best results.

The trick is to respect the departure times and always give you a prize, in a few weeks you will learn completely.

How to educate a puppy to learn to walk on a leash

No puppy likes to have a collar and much less a leash. It is as if you limit their freedom, something very understandable. Unfortunately, dogs cannot go loose on the street, because they can escape and be damaged by a vehicle or even escape and get lost.

It is very important that you start your socialization as soon as possible, usually once you have been vaccinated (after three months). Thanks to socialization it will be a tolerant dog with other dogs and humans, it is a really important process. You can inform yourself in depth from:

Put the collar on your puppy, not too tight, you should be able to put two fingers between the collar and his neck without tightening. Keep in mind that your dog will grow very fast, so watch the collar never tighten, you will have to expand it every little time.

It is best to always leave the necklace on, both on the street and inside the house, until you are an adult and you are used to it. This way you will soon get used to wearing the necklace and not try to take it off constantly.

Before leaving home, put on the leash, I recommend that you use a short leash, of no more than two meters and that is not extensible. We must teach our puppy to walk, not to be at his leisure with an excessively long leash.

Open the door of the house and leave your first one, then your dog should leave but always when you indicate it, accustom him to go out with an order like “let's go” or “go out”.

During the walk be patient with him, the puppies walk much slower than you and also do not like to walk ... just want to run and sniff things.

I recommend that you go to a park or place where you can let go and let him run and play, let him let off steam, get tired and enjoy life. When you are tired, before returning home, it will be the perfect time to walk with him a little quietly.

You must get used to walking by your side or behind you, never let him walk in front of you, pulling. That is as if you were telling him that he is in charge, that he is the leader of the command, something he must not believe. If it starts to walk in front of you, you must correct it.

When you return home, enter your first one and then tell him to enter with an order like "let's go" or "come in". It is very important that you always be your the first to enter and leave home, if you accustom them from puppies to them it will be something habitual.

How to educate a puppy to sleep without crying

The first thing to do is to think if your puppy is going to sleep in the room where you sleep or in another room, such as the living room - dining room or the kitchen.

You must put a bed in the chosen place to sleep at night and another where you usually spend the day, for example you can put a bed in your room if you are going to sleep there always and another in the living room, which is where you spend more time ( and he with you).

So he can take naps whenever he wants without having to go to another part of the house, when they are so young, they always want to be with you and will often be sleeping.

Never accustom your dog to sleep with you and then, after a few months, send him to another part of the house, because he will think he has done something wrong and it is a punishment. Therefore it is better decide the final location where you will always sleep at night.

If your final sleeping location is not your room, for example the kitchen, you will see that the first nights, when you leave him alone to sleep ... he will start to cry.

It's something completely normal and you should never give in and go visit it to calm it down, because then He will realize that when he cries, you go. That way you will never learn to sleep alone, however, if you ignore it the first nights, everyone else will sleep peacefully and without crying, you just need to get used to it.

Of course, prepare a comfortable and cozy bed to sleep at ease and always leave fresh and clean water at your disposal.

If you don't have a bed for your puppy, leave a folded blanket so he can sleep on top of it, so he never does it on top of the cold and hard floor.

How to educate a puppy so he knows how to stay home alone

Although all puppies are cute ... they can also be super destructive if they are left alone or feel anxious, biting anything they find.

That is why it is very important to teach them to be alone from puppies, so that when they are adults, they do not destroy the house when we are not.

For this we must carry out a progressive, very simple and practical training. We will leave our dog in a quiet place in the home, where he has a bed and water at his disposal (an illuminated place).

We will leave home for five minutes and we will come back, greet you and spend some time at home with him. We will repeat this exercise three or four times a day.

With the passing of the days, we will extend the time we spend away from home, from five minutes to ten, and a few weeks to fifteen, etc ... With this we will be able to work your patience.

Dogs need rules

Training a puppy with love and consistency is the basis of a peaceful and stress-free living between the human and the dog. The fact that he understands from the beginning what his place is within the family and where the limits are will not only help to create a pleasant climate at home, but also to develop healthy. The dog is an animal accustomed to living in a pack, which requires rules and routines to feel good psychologically. A careless or insecure owner who gives excessive freedom or who behaves in an incongruous manner confuses the animal and can trigger unwanted, or even dangerous, behaviors that will be more difficult to modify the more time passes.

Everything a puppy should learn

What does a dog have to know for you to enjoy a carefree living together? What is the right time to start training? Surely you have asked yourself these questions at some time, if you are thinking of having a puppy or if it has already entered your life. There is no doubt that an impetuous offspring can turn upside down family life at the beginning and sow chaos. The most important thing is that this little whirlwind understand from the beginning what it can and cannot do.

Set the limits from the beginning

Your new roommate, with that confident look and those awkward legs, will make it very difficult to always stand firm. Who is able to deny a puppy a piece of food from the table or prevent him from snuggling in our bed? But how will you understand that when you become an adult all those privileges will fade overnight? Therefore, the first thing is to clarify how we want life with our dog, what behaviors we want and which we will not tolerate. If these limits are marked from the beginning and they are maintained accordingly, you will immediately learn what your "role" is and there is nothing to worry about when the puppy reaches adulthood.

Who is the leader?

Dogs that have learned since childhood to accept authority tend to respect it for life, as long as the owner maintains his role as "leader of the pack." Although authoritarian treatment is no longer the only possible way in the business or child rearing field, in regards to dog education, there is no other alternative. Dogs want to be independent of their owners, so that they can respect their decisions and orders, they need to be able to rely on their criteria. Clear instructions, calm and decisive tone of voice and clear body language give them confidence.

Clear instructions and unambiguous signs

Dogs are experts in gestures and react earlier to a simple manual movement than to a complex phrase whose meaning can only be perceived through the tone of voice. Think of words like «sit », "Come" or "plas » to give orders and choose the gestures with which you will accompany them. Always keep these orders structured and use the same word and the same gesture for each one. To avoid misunderstandings, forget about long sentences like "Now you have to be good and wait for me here in front of the supermarket because I have to buy a couple of things." If you want me to learn to obey, it is essential that the indications are concise and meaningful, and always used for the same purpose.

Flattery and goodies? Motivational learning through positive reinforcements

Reliability and clear instructions help identify the leader of the pack. No need for extreme severity or hard hand - otherwise, what you will get is to scare him. The goal is not that the dog obey out of fear, but that he understands the rules of the game and wants to participate. How to make the puppy enjoy learning? Praise and awards play a fundamental role in motivating the young dog. In this sense, they are not so different from human beings: they choose the path that gives them the greatest satisfaction, and criticism and punishment demotivate them and divert them from the desired path.

In order for a dog to internalize what the appropriate behaviors are and which receive the precious praise from the owner, the reward must come immediately after the behavior. Dogs live in the present and consider that the reactions of humans are always a consequence of the situation that takes place at that precise moment. Similarly, they are only able to understand a criticism if they follow the behavior. If your still-not-very-modest friend leaves you a "little gift" in the middle of the room and you only realize a good while later, it's no use scolding him. Instead, it is better to reward him the times he manages to endure until he goes outside. You can reward your puppy with sweets - but not too many! - words of affection, soft caresses, affectionate gestures or a toy that he likes. They also serve the small moments of freedom such as releasing the leash, taking him to play with other dogs or playing ball with him, for them the effort to achieve these rewards is worth it.

When is it time to start training?

As a general rule, starting training in a timely manner is decisive. The puppy has to be ready for the exercises if a measure or a small step in obedience training is intended to be successful. If you are actively playing with a toy or are simply tired or hungry, it is clear that this is not the best time to start training. Dogs enjoy learning, but most of them don't like spending too much time on the same activity. Exercises that demand a high concentration are not a good option for the beginning. It is more advisable to integrate puppy training in their daily routines and get used to certain rules and habits as soon as possible. Try to educate him "collaterally", for example, pay attention to if he waits patiently for you to prepare his food, never give in to his demands, praise him if he stays calm in front of the entrance door when they call and reward him if he manages to wait for you on the other side of the bathroom door without moaning.

What should be trained with a puppy?

It is not always easy to know what a dog should learn at all times or what day-to-day behaviors should be rewarded and which ones are better to ignore. The advice on training given by friends or on the internet is very numerous and can quickly overwhelm a first-time owner. That is why it is important that you internalize the main rules that you want to teach your four-legged friend and integrate them into daily routines. At the beginning it will be a challenge, no doubt, but in the future it will make your life much easier in many aspects. It may be helpful to write down what are the bases you wish to establish for your dog's training. Subsequently, you can keep a training diary and write down the most effective methods and those that are less successful.

The basics of canine training at a glance

Among the most important exercises that you should practice, there is not only instruction training, young dogs that separate from their mother from the eighth week and who arrive at a different home must first get used to that new environment for them. It is necessary to build a relationship of trust with the owner, to understand the rules of the house and to learn to live with people and animals they do not know. It is recommended that your arrival coincides with a period of free days so that we can dedicate the necessary time and give you security and affection. Call him by his name frequently, mimic him, play with him and let him eat sweets from your hand, so he will build confidence and your puppy will feel good by your side, which represents the first step to achieve the rest of the goals.

Teach him to do his needs

During the first days at home, you can start teaching your dog where to do his needs, this is one of the most important conditions to enjoy a pleasant coexistence. Take your puppy for a walk every two to three hours and reward him when he needs - whether it is stool or urine - in a tree or in the park. Set as soon as possible specific schedules for walks, for example, after getting up, at noon or before going to sleep. It is essential that you be attentive, if you see that at some point you are nervous, it can be an indicator that you need to go to the «bathroom». You don't quarrel if, at first, you don't control it and empty your bladder on your carpet. If you are surprised just at that moment, with a simple "no!" Or "get out!" Is enough to make it clear that you do not like that behavior. Teaching a puppy to do their needs where appropriate requires a lot of patience, it is not something that happens overnight.

Set limits on barking, biting and scratching

The young discover the world through their mouths, they still do not know that furniture is precious objects that should not be bitten, and they have not yet learned how sensitive humans are about this issue. Show your dog from the beginning and consistently where the limits are. As you reprimand unwanted behaviors and repeatedly reward desired ones, your puppy will understand how far it can go and what behaviors lead to the desired rewards of its owner. It is best that you ignore growls or excessive barking, as well as requests for food when you are sitting at the table, to stop doing so. When a dog acts in this way, the first thing he is demanding is your attention, whether to listen to him, play with him or give him something to eat. If you avoid this behavior, it will not take long to understand that this way of acting does not lead to the objective you are pursuing.

Walking on a leash

Adult dogs that pull the leash very hard can be a real problem because controlling them is no longer as easy as when they were young. For this reason, walking on a leash is one of the points that should be part of the training program from the beginning. Even if you feel the image of your little boy walking with his clumsy legs and going from there to discovering the world, do not leave him! Teach him from the beginning that it is you who wears the leash and not the other way around. It is not the dog who determines the direction but you. In order for the puppy to pay attention to you during the walk and adapt to your speed and your changes of direction, you have to always make sure, since you are young, that you do not wear the leash. The moment your naughty puppy starts to pull the leash, stop. Do not continue the walk until it goes towards you and the belt is distended again.

To practice the leash ride, you can go to an open space and place a snack or toy that you like at a distance. Most likely, your dog will pounce on the object, so hold it back or stay even further. Do not approach until you walk by your side, at your own pace and with the tensioned belt. Give him the reward only when he manages to contain the momentum.

Go to the call

You will save a lot of stress and nerves if you teach your puppy early to come when you call him, to wait until you tell him to continue walking and to stay alone at home if you have to leave without him. To achieve these goals, you can use numerous methods and discover which ones are the most effective for you. The important thing is that you reward the right behaviors every time they occur. The best way to train the call is with words like "come" or "here" or with whistles, use them at times when the dog is heading towards you running for no apparent reason. Call him or whistle at that moment and finally give him his favorite food as a prize. Your dog will learn that it is worth going to your call quickly.

Teaching to wait is similar. The puppy has to understand that he cannot run out of the car as soon as the door is opened, that he cannot get out when he opens the door of the house and that he cannot pounce on food every time you open the closet. Don't praise these behaviors and don't give in to their demands. Close the door of the car or the door of the house if you see that it tries to get shot and open it again only when it manages to sit still waiting patiently. Repeat this action frequently until the dog remains sitting or standing at the fully open door and finds him the moment he leaves after giving him the instruction. You can do the same with food: do not fill your feeder until you wait calmly and patiently and do not place it on the floor until you stop barking or hitting your leg. If it is thrown on the plate before you give it the signal to eat, remove it. When he waits for you to make the gesture that indicates that he can eat, you can already let him enjoy his meal.

Stay alone

From the period between the 12th and 18th week, you can gradually accustom your puppy to being home alone. It is obvious that no dog, not even an adult, should spend many hours alone, but there are situations in our daily lives in which we cannot include them. The puppy has to accept since childhood that he can not accompany you everywhere and that, sometimes, he has to wait alone at home. The most effective technique is to integrate this training into the daily routine so that it goes unnoticed and does not acquire great relevance. Occasionally, leave without saying goodbye to the room for a few minutes, then re-enter and act as if nothing happens. You can extend the time progressively until you have learned to stay alone for longer periods. When you are sure that he is calm and your absence is not a drama, you can leave him alone. If your dog feels a strong attachment and begins to bark or groan as soon as you go out the door, you can modify the exercise and wait for him to calm down to re-enter the room. If you don't want to leave your dog alone nervous, at least, ignore him when you re-enter the room and wait for him to calm down to give him a treat.

Hygiene and care

Having a dog is not only to take care of their food, their walks and their training, but also to provide adequate care. You have to brush your hair regularly, clean and control your legs, ears and teeth, and cut your nails. Accustom your new roommate from the beginning to this care. If you get used to touching your ears, legs or gut, future visits to the veterinarian will be much simpler. Take advantage of the moments you spend on the sofa with your puppy to caress the abdomen and ears, to hold the legs for a couple of minutes, to give him a massage or to open his mouth with your hand. You will see how, over time, he relaxes and enjoys these cares.

Among all the exercises that are practiced throughout the day, sometimes, the most important is forgotten: sleep. Give your puppy enough time to relax and assimilate all experiences. Let him sleep if after a walk he retires to his bed to rest and in no case overload him with very numerous or very long workouts. The dog does not need to be entertained 24 hours a day, nor can you do it as an adult. Let him play alone too and throw himself to discover new things, there will come a time when your little big whirlwind ends up getting tired.

Socialization

Cuanto más conozca un perro en sus primeros meses de vida, menos cosas le incomodarán y le asustarán después. El sonido del aspirador, la lavadora, la televisión, los niños impetuosos, las multitudes de peatones, el ruido de las motos, la gente con gafas de sol, las personas en silla de ruedas, los bebés que lloran, el tráfico ruidoso o las curiosas escaleras mecánicas: para un cachorro hay todo un mundo por descubrir. Enséñale cada día algo distinto, puedes aprovechar los paseos diarios para llevarle a conocer sitios, olores, personas o animales diferentes. Pero no le abrumes, al principio, un par de minutos en un entorno nuevo son suficientes. Si mientras paseáis, os cruzáis con un grupo de escolares ruidosos o si entráis en una tienda, no os quedéis mucho tiempo, salid de la escena antes de que el cachorro comience a sentirse intranquilo.

¿Merece la pena llevarlo a un centro de adiestramiento?

En esta etapa descubrirás que acostumbrar a un perro a su entorno y enseñarle las reglas del día a día requiere, además de mucho trabajo y sobre todo mucha paciencia, coherencia y, no menos importante, determinados conocimientos. Los primeros meses de vida son decisivos, para evitar errores, los dueños, especialmente si son nuevos, deben documentarse sobre los cuidados, la tenencia y la educación de un cachorro. La visita a un centro de adiestramiento en donde un adiestrador profesional con experiencia pueda tutelar los ejercicios puede resultar de gran ayuda. No solo tu perro comprenderá las reglas de comportamiento básicas, sino que también tú descubrirás cómo puedes practicarlas en vuestra vida cotidiana. Aprenderás a valorarle y, jugando, sentaréis las bases de una confianza mutua, algo esencial para que vuestra convivencia sea agradable.

¡Esperamos que el comienzo de vuestra vida juntos sea fantástico!

Cómo enseñar a nuestro perro a acudir a nuestra llamada

Esta técnica es una de las mas sencillas, consiste en engañar a nuestras queridas mascotas con premios, es realmente sencillo. Cuando nuestro perro este un poco alejado de nosotros, sacaremos un premio y lo sujetaremos con la mano para que el lo vea, a la vez que le llamamos y le damos la orden de venir.

No basta con llamarle por su nombre, sino que debemos darle la orden de venir, por ejemplo si se llama “Tobby”, debemos enseñarle el premio y decirle con voz alta para que nos oiga “Tobby ven!” o “Tobby aquí!”. En cuanto vea el premio vendrá corriendo, cuando este a nuestro lado le daremos el premio y le felicitaremos con entusiasmo. Si nuestro perro nos ve y no viene, es que no le gusta mucho el premio que le estas dando…. prueba con un trozo pequeño de salchicha, les suele gustar mucho.

Debemos practicar esta técnica durante varias semanas, transcurrido este tiempo, le daremos premio solo de forma intercalada, de manera que cuando le llamemos a veces tenga premio y a veces no. Aunque siempre, siempre debemos felicitarle cuando venga a nuestro lado cumpliendo la orden. Con el tiempo podremos ir retirando por completo los premios en este ejercicio pero siempre deberemos felicitarle.

Cómo adiestrar un cachorro

Los cachorros no necesitan ser adiestrados, porque sencillamente solo piensan en jugar y divertirse. Es solo a partir de los cinco o seis meses, cuando podemos comenzar a adiestrarlos poco a poco y de forma muy suave y juguetona. No debemos forzarlos ni estresarlos nunca. La edad ideal para comenzar a adiestrar un perro es a partir de un año de edad, de forma suave y progresiva.

Los cachorros solo necesitan jugar y correr, relacionarse y socializarse con otros perros y poco mas… déjalos ser felices, ya habrá tiempo de aprender. No obstante, cuando les veas haciendo algo mal como morder a la gente (lo harán jugando evidentemente), puedes chistarles con la orden de “No!” para que comiencen a aprender poco a poco.

Adiestrar un cachorro es como intentar enseñarle álgebra a un bebe, no tiene sentido. Si te ha quedado alguna duda o quieres aportar información práctica, puedes dejar un comentario o enviar un email.

Recuerda, se feliz con tu pequeñajo y no tengas prisa por verlo crecer, todo llega en su momento 🙂

Practical tips

La mayoría de los cachorros aprenden a quedarse solos tras pocas sesiones de entrenamiento, pero si el tuyo es una excepción… siempre puedes entretenerle con algún juguete interactivo cómo un Kong (con comida en su interior).

También puedes dejar la TV o la radio puesta, para que escuche gente hablando y se sienta más tranquilo. Puede parecer una tontería, pero es realmente efectivo.

Cómo educar a un cachorro para que no muerda

Todos los cachorros sienten la necesidad de morder cosas, muebles, zapatillas (les encantan), cables, sofás e incluso a nosotros mismos.

Es algo totalmente normal, principalmente cuando están mudando los dientes de leche por sus dientes definitivos, ya que ello les provoca bastante picor y dolor.

Cuando nuestro cachorro muerda algo que no debe, incluidos nosotros mismos, debemos llamarle la atención. Un “No!” o un “Shhhh!” alto y rotundo debería ser suficiente. Acto seguido, cogeremos uno de sus juguetes y se lo pondremos en la boca para lo muerda.

El objetivo es que aprenda que no puede morder lo que el quiera, excepto sus juguetes, los cuales puede morder siempre que quiera. De esta forma aprenderá rápidamente a respetar el mobiliario de nuestro hogar y a nosotros mismos.

Si la corrección no es suficiente, podemos aplicar la técnica de la mordida, suavemente ya que es muy pequeño, puedes aprenderla aquí:

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