All about the Bichon Maltese dog breed


  • Height at the cross: males 21 to 25 cm and females 20 to 23 cm
  • Weight: from 3 to 4 kg
  • Cap: white
  • Average life: twelve years
  • Character: nice and fun
  • Relationship with children: Excellent
  • Relationship with other dogs: good
  • Aptitudes: service dog
  • Space needs: indoor dog
  • Food of the Maltese Bichon: about 100 g dry full food diaries
  • Arrangement: thorough maintenance
  • Maintenance cost: slightly elevated

He Maltese It is a lovely dog, alert, full of life and with great intelligence. Although it is a small breed classified within the group of miniature breeds, it is a robust puppy capable of enjoying a lot of exercise and having fun. It would be a big mistake to consider the Maltese a small and "soft" dog, since although it is not a Terrier, it was considered one of them for many years, and its character is alert enough to show, from time to time, some characteristic of a Terrier. He was certainly able to hunt rats and it is said that he once gave a good badger account. In the book of Sir Richard Glynn Champion Dogs of the World, describes the Maltese as "a small and attractive pillín", which probably sums up this breed perfectly. But if you want to know more, read on.

Like most small dogs, the Maltese It has a reasonably long life expectancy, a factor that must be taken into account before deciding if it is the right breed for you, because, when you bring an animal to your home, your objective will obviously be that you live with you during all his life.

Despite the various ups and downs throughout history, the Maltese It is now well established in many countries around the world. In Britain, 500 new puppies are enrolled each year in the genealogical origins book of the Kennel Club.


He Maltese He has a "something" that asks people to look at him, and responds to these looks with a satisfied expression. He is certainly a small and vigorous companion, full of humor and with a sense of fun. If he were allowed to do what he wanted, he would hunt mice and other small rodents among the bushes, which is not always possible due to his long fur. Of course, you will greatly enjoy what you see and smell during a walk in the countryside, although this may ruin an exhibition coat.

Affectionate with its owners, the Maltes is quite individualistic and does not immediately accept strangers. It is a clean and scrupulous breed that has understandably been a very beloved pet and has a certain refinement. Even after the above, some have participated in the mini-agility tests and others enjoy obedience tests. It is a brave dog despite its tiny size. It can be a good watchdog, since it is always alert and has determination and courage to face any unforeseen event. At home, the Maltese It is a perfect dog that adapts well to the routine of the house, whatever.

The Maltese and the children

As long as parents have educated children to treat dogs with care, so that they are not wild or aggressive, most of the Maltese They will enjoy playing with them. However, it should be understood that young children should always be monitored when they are with a dog so that no accident occurs, however involuntary it may be. No matter how tough your Maltese, it is a fragile and light animal to which a troubled child can inflict considerable wounds. The small size is attractive to children, who are often delighted with the beautiful appearance and long fur of this breed. If your dog is an exhibition, keep an eye on whether the child can think of playing with the fur while you do not watch, which would spoil it.

The Maltese with other pets

Whenever an animal approaches another, it is essential to watch carefully. Most of the Maltese They are quite prepared to live with other animals, but a good part will understandably depend on the other. An older dog or cat may not accept a new tenant right away, although there are others who accept them without problems. When a Maltese coexists with another animal, canine or feline, the relationship is usually lasting and sincere. In fact, one of the dangers is that with his games the coat is damaged, which can cause a disaster in the long layer of the Maltese, especially behind the ears.

Physical characteristics

Small in size, the Maltese usually weighs between 1.8 and 2.8 kg, and according to the British standard should not exceed 25.5 cm high at the cross. It is a compact race that has the same length from the cross to the birth of the tail as from the ground to the cross. Both males and females are small and beautiful dogs, although there are differences between them.

  • Color and coat

The white coat is, of course, the most important aspect of this breed, although it is necessary to pay regular attention to keep these fringes of hair clean and in good condition. The majority of the owners collect the hair with a small bun, thus showing the characteristics of the face and thus keeping the fur away from the eyes. This increases the overall attractive appearance of the Maltese, a race that has many admirers with all merit.

Although the long white fur looks excellent and needs regular care, it has no sublayer, as is the case with the cousin of this breed, the Bichon Frize. This makes the fur of the Maltese It is somewhat easier to care for. An added advantage is that, as long as it is taken care of, the fur will not end up on the carpets and furniture.

Its straight hair is silky and should never be woolly, which is another difference between this breed and those with which it is related. Although it has a good length, it is important that it is not so long that it prevents movement. In the case of the exposure dog, the fur can hide a multitude of faults, but a good judge will always feel the dog carefully and below the coat to verify that the constitution of his Maltese, with its glamorous fur, be correct.

The color of the layer of Maltese and its presentation is very important, so its owners must be willing to devote enough work to keep it in an optimal state and never look dirty or careless. A white coat will only be kept clean if we bathe the dog frequently.

He Maltese it should have the layer always white, although slight lemon spots are allowed. The whiteness of the fur contrasts sharply with the black pigment of the truffle and with the dark and oval eyes, with the halo of dark skin around it. Even the foot pads should be black.

Health Concerns

In general, the Maltese It is a healthy and resilient dog, but, as with many other breeds, certain health problems can arise. However, if the owners are aware of these possible problems, they will find themselves, prepared to treat them in the best possible way. Some problems are of genetic origin and are inherited, but others are not.

Obviously, in many cases veterinary consultation and treatment are necessary, but many owners of Maltese They believe that this breed responds well to herbal and homeopathic remedies, so it is worth taking them into account. A growing number of veterinarians currently offers homeopathic treatments and other natural healing practices along with their more traditional methods, although it may take a little more time to find such a veterinarian.

Sometimes even mild irritation will cause a dog to lick its skin and this may become a habit. In the case of Maltese, lam> lama: they usually have a rather bitter taste and this habit can be stopped frequently using one of these products.

  • Limb problems

Many miniature and other small breeds suffer problems in their knee joints, which is known as patellar or patellar dislocation, although, of course, only a few specimens are affected. Breeders subject their breeding animals to regular examinations, in an attempt to reduce the incidence of that problem. Another important factor is that the dog should not be overweight, as this may make the problem worse.

Many dogs with patellar dislocation coexist with this problem without causing pain, but sometimes a surgical operation must be carried out normally successfully.

  • Urinary bladder stones

Although rare, urinary bladder stones can sometimes cause problems, as they are often found more frequently in small races than in larger ones. The symptoms are that the dog urinates very frequently, that there is blood in the urine, that he has difficulties in urination, general weakness, depression and loss of appetite.

Immediate veterinary attention is necessary, since the stones in the bladder can lead to irreparable kidney damage and, as a result, the dog could lose his life. In many cases they can be dissolved with a special diet under veterinary supervision, although certain types of stones must be surgically removed.

As with many of the smaller races, some Maltese They lose their teeth at a relatively early age. Thus, it is important to pay close attention to the care of teeth and gums so that they remain as healthy as possible, avoiding tooth decay, infection and the resulting loss of teeth.

The gum infection may not stop there. The bacteria of this infection are transported by blood, and as a result there may be liver, kidney, heart and joint diseases. All this is a good reason to realize that good dental care is of the utmost importance throughout the life of a dog. In addition to brushing and providing safe dental utensils (nylon bones, chewable toys and other similar gadgets), owners should bring their Maltese to the veterinarian to undergo dental exams and thorough cleaning.

Bad breath or halitosis is usually the result of dental and gum problems, although it can also be caused by indigestion or even, sometimes, related to the kidneys.

In cases of digestive problems that lead to bad breath, activated carbon, whether in the form of tablets or granules, is usually helpful. A useful product to mask bad breath is chlorophyll tablets.

  • Eye problems

As the Maltese It is a breed with a lot of hair, this can cause eye irritation. This would result in conjunctivitis and is very likely to cause excess tear production. This, as a consequence, causes spots due to tears below the eye, something that is usually seen in white and light-colored dogs. Therefore, it is necessary to keep your eyes clean and this should be part of your grooming routine.

Eye ulcers are also not unusual in small dogs and, when appreciating any symptoms, veterinary help should be sought immediately to prevent long-term damage. They are often caused by something as simple as a bump or a scrape. The veterinary prescription of a suitable eye ointment or eye drops usually solves the problem quite quickly.

  • Ear-ear problems

As the Maltese It is such a light colored race, it should be easy to detect ear-ear problems at the slightest symptom. Symptoms of an ear infection include a brown, smelly discharge that causes the ear to redden, swell and be irritated. At this stage the dog will violently scratch the ear and may have a tilted head due to pain.

It is important to keep ears and ears clean at all times, but if an infection appears, the veterinarian may prescribe appropriate drops to achieve an effective treatment.

  • Grass seeds

Since they are short and have long fur and also long ears, Maltese Sometimes they can be hooked with grass seeds, the hooks from which they can reach the skin. Often they remain on the fur, but they go deeper until they penetrate the skin, where they can cause pain and sometimes abscesses. They can even penetrate the nostrils or between the pads of the feet. Thus, it is always important to examine the fur after a walk, especially in late summer and fall. At the slightest sign of discomfort, the cause should be investigated immediately.

  • Other health problems

There are many other health problems that dogs may suffer, but it is not possible to detail them all here. As you get to know your Maltese, you will be able to recognize when you are not well, at which time a quick visit to the veterinarian can help to cut the problem at the root and so that you can be given the appropriate care and given any necessary medication.

If you want to know more about the Bichon Maltese We recommend the publication of the European Hispanic publisher Bichon Maltés Excellence Series:

Maltese Bichon Characteristics

Among all the small dogs, this nice breed stands out. It is a small dog that is easy to recognize due to its Maltese bichon characteristics. Even an adult Maltese bichon keeps the puppy gesture on its face, hence it is classified within the bichones, a word that is derived from “barbichón”, a name given to puppies in ancient times. These are the main characteristics of the Maltese bichon, but there are also others to consider.

Maltese size

The most characteristic of Maltese dogs is their size, not exceeding 25 centimeters in the case of a male adult Maltese bichon, or 23 centimeters in terms of females. In addition, the Maltese bichon toy weight ranges between 3 and 4 kilos only, so sometimes it seems to be more of a small toy than a real dog. A Maltese puppy dog ​​is very delicate, so it is not recommended in environments with very young children, which can harm the animal while playing with it.

Maltese fur

A Maltese bichon dog that is within the breed standard, must have a completely white and pure fur, although the light bone color in competition is also accepted. It happens that, sometimes, there are those who look for a black toy Maltese bichon, but this is impossible if what you want is a purebred animal. A specimen that shows the head or part of the black body's coat will have been mixed with another breed, so it will not meet the standards set by the FCI.

The type of hair is long and silky, very smooth and without curls or curls when left long. Within the Maltese toy bichon, features such as fur are the most defining of the breed. The hair frames a long thin body, and falls to the sides of the head from the ears. It should also be mentioned that it has a long and hairy tail, which curves over the back.

Maltese Bichon Behavior

The expression of an individual of the Maltese bichon breed is permanent alert. He is always attentive to what is going on around him, he is fast in his movements, alive, agile and intelligent. The Maltese bichon has a very affable and affectionate character as a rule and creates important emotional ties with his human family, although the Maltese bichon also has a temper, and can be a little grumpy when he is not properly educated since childhood.

Properly socialized, a Maltese bichon is perfect for families with older children, who know how to play with it without harming it. It is a perfect family dog ​​both for its character and for the little space it occupies within a small apartment. They are easy to educate, because they are always willing to learn, so they become an excellent companion dog. In addition, it can serve as an alarm dog, since it is protective of its territory, although it does not serve as a guard dog due to its small size.

Bichon Maltese dog breed health

  • Eyes: Having such bulging eyes, you can easily put things in during walks. Stay tuned for this to prevent possible ulcers and infections.
  • Vomiting: Even if you put on that irresistible face ... don't get crammed with "human food"! They have a sensitive stomach and will not fit well. It will be much healthier to reward his behavior with special products for him.
  • Glucose drops: It is very common among Maltese bichon dogs, but more specifically among puppies. If, when you arrive home with him for the first time, you notice that he is off, sad, or even if he falls asleep or has vomiting or diarrhea, it may be a drop in glucose. You need a quick solution! Give it a teaspoon of honey, condensed milk or sugar water and you'll see how it recovers soon. Also, inform your veterinarian. It is a frequent problem and easy to solve, but serious if ignored, the puppy could die!
  • Breast tumors: It is not extremely common, but it is common for Maltese bichon females to develop breast tumors. If you find any bulge or suspicious sign, consult your veterinarian immediately!

But don't panic, really all dog breeds can have problems. But if you take care of him as he deserves, you give adequate food and much, much love, Your Maltese bichon will stay healthy and very happy!

How is a Maltese bichon?

The character of the Maltese bichon is very playful and friendly, and has a cheerful expression due to its appearance as an eternal puppy. He also stands out for his own education and knowing how to be in any situation, so he tends to win in the affection of any guest in the house.

They have many advantages as a companion dog, one of them its easy adaptability to the environment. In addition, they are dogs that need much less daily exercise than other larger animals, being more important to devote time to socialize and not so much to take long walks for hours.

You may have difficulties when interacting with other dogs due to their territorial nature, so it is important that since a puppy spend time with dogs of all types and sizes. Despite its size, it is a brave and daring animal, which will not hesitate to get into trouble, although it may take a fright in the process. With other dogs in the family he usually has no problems, as long as the limits are marked and there is a clear leader in the pack.

Main diseases of the Maltese bichon

Generally speaking, the Maltese bichon is a strong and robust dog, not very prone to disease. They may have some typical conditions of small breeds, but not so many of their own race. If you doubt having a Maltese bichon due to illnesses, be sure that this little one is much stronger than he seems.

Joint problems

The most common diseases of the Maltese bichon have to do with your joints. Because of its size, the Maltese bichon can present problems in the knees and patella. To avoid this, it is best to always maintain a healthy weight, so that your small joints do not have to support an extra weight.

Eye irritation

Maltese hair tends to enter your eyes if it is not maintained in a good state, which can cause irritation or conjunctivitis in the most severe cases. This is the cause of many individuals presenting a reddish tone in the skin that surrounds the eye, and that it is preventable by ensuring that the hair does not enter the lachrymal.

Basic care of the Maltese bichon

Whether you already own a Maltese bichon dog, or if you are thinking of getting one, it is important that you know the care of a basic Maltese bichon that you have to provide so that you are always in the best state of health. A Maltese dog requires more aesthetic care compared to other breeds, but they are also very grateful to look at when they are kept in good condition.

Bichon malte care begins in routine and frequent health habits, which will include nail care, eye care, ears and teeth. As we have seen, the eyes of the Maltese are very sensitive and are in permanent contact with the hair, so you always have to take care of the length of it to avoid possible problems. The Maltese puppy bichon also requires special care, because it is a fragile and delicate animal in its first months of life.


The hair of the Maltese bichon is long and strong, and it can form knots if it is not brushed frequently. It is best to do it once a day, but the minimum should always be two or three times a week. In addition, it is advisable to go to a professional hairdresser every two months to fix the length depending on the appearance you want for your pet.

Full bathrooms are very important to prevent the animal from getting too dirty and give off an unpleasant smell, although it should not be done too often to not weaken the defenses of its own skin. The ideal frequency to bathe a Maltese bichon is between six and eight weeks, or earlier if necessary due to a dirt accident.


100 grams a day will be enough for the dog to be well fed. Of course, the feed should always be of the best quality, to show a shiny and healthy coat. The human food is not advisable for any dog, and less for these small ones that tend to gain weight easily, being able to cause injuries of diverse consideration in the body due to the extra weight.

A dog of the Maltese bichon breed needs relatively little exercise to be physically and mentally healthy. A medium distance walk will be enough to be happy, as long as it is complemented with other activities and games at home. The Maltese are good hunters, so a good activity will include something to chase and catch.

The Maltese is a very intelligent breed and trained to learn, so you must insist on your education as a puppy. Equally important is its socialization with other dogs and people, so that as an adult it becomes a balanced and trained specimen to behave correctly in any situation and place.

Curiosities of the Maltese bichon

Here you have seen everything about the Maltese bichon, but you still need to know some very funny and striking curiosities about this small and intrepid four-legged companion.

  • Contrary to popular belief, there are no types of Maltese bichon, or differentiated breeds depending on the size of the dog. That is to say, there is no such thing as a medium Maltese bichon, nor a mini Maltese bichon dog. The characteristics of the so-called Maltese toy bichon, is that it is a somewhat smaller dog due to the breeding lines followed in the United States, slightly different from the European ones. A Maltese American-style bichon will be somewhat smaller than the European one, but the real difference will be less than half a kilo in weight, and only a few centimeters in size. Having this point clear, it is possible to affirm that there are no classes of Maltese bichon or different types of bichon dog.
  • They are very obedient and easy to train, so they can be taught to do all kinds of fun pirouettes to enjoy as a family. Although they can remain for several minutes on their hind legs, it is not advisable to force them to hold that position for more than a couple of seconds, since their backs could be resentful and present problems over time.
  • Maltese's hair will always tend to grow until it reaches the full length of the animal. To maintain that aspect of an eternal puppy, the only solution is to go to the hairdresser to cut it frequently, since only the owners who attend exhibitions should let it grow to have options in the ring.
  • It has become one of the most popular races today due to its physical and behavioral characteristics, and gained an extra popularity when Frank Sinatra gave a copy of this breed to Marilyn Monroe in 1960, which he called Maf.
  • One of the first mentions of this dog breed was made by Aristotle in some of his writings, which gives an idea of ​​the history that these little ones have lived until they become a beloved pet of our day.
  • Their hunting instinct comes from the original activity they performed on boats, when they were engaged in hunting rats and mice. Although this utility was not maintained for many years, they still have that instinct that invites them to pursue anything in motion.
  • It is one of the races with the highest life expectancy due to its robustness and strength. On average, a Maltese bichon specimen will easily reach 13 or 15 years old, although many documented cases of dogs that have survived until age 19 are known.

The owners and future owners of a Maltese bichon dog have all the necessary information about the breed here. In any case, it is advisable to continue investigating these animals, and, above all, to find a good breeder who offers all the necessary guarantees about puppies and their way of breeding. Be wary of those people who are only looking for money or who promise to give you the puppy before two months of age, because then they will give you an animal that has not spent the time it takes with its mother to be healthy and strong.

Another tip to keep in mind is that, despite their fragile and tender appearance, they are not a toy, but an animal with specific needs. Many times they are purchased as a gift for children, without being aware that they require daily and lifelong care. A dog is a responsibility throughout its life, so think carefully before you start sharing your life with one. If you are clear, then go ahead, because the adventure of having a dog is new, exciting and unique every day.

How is Bichуn Maltйs?

He Bichуn Maltйs It stands out for its small size and especially its beautiful silky white mantle. Although beyond its appearance, it is the character of this dog that makes it so charming. It is the perfect breed to live with other pets, adapting quickly to new visitors whether they are other dogs or even cats. He also stands out for being a puppy throughout his life. He is always happy and willing to follow the game to the smallest of the house.


They also have great capacity to live with other pets, even in small spaces, so they are ideal for apartments and flats. As good lap dogs, you will choose a person from the house and you will never separate from her. And contrary to what one might think, it is a dog that, if not spoiled, has a great capacity to learn skills and obey orders learned. He Bichуn Maltйs It is a dog that does not require much exercise, in fact the walks can concentrate on what it takes to do your needs, however it is recommended to dedicate your game time every day to exercise and actively enjoy the family.


Since this breed was created, the natural environment of Bichуn Maltйs It has always been home and family. It is a quiet dog that loves to enjoy the pleasure of caressing and the company of their loved ones. Although he is also an enthusiast of children, with whom without hesitation he will spend long evenings without showing a bad gesture. They are also very respectful dogs with other animals, so include a Bichуn Maltйs At home it is meant to be a success.

It is a dog that has great adaptability, so it can live perfectly in the city in a small apartment. For him the important thing is to be with his family, which he loves and idolizes above all things. If you can enjoy your loved ones, spend time with them and enjoy their pampering, the rest does not matter at all.


Although for him, his home is his temple, like any other dog the Bichуn Maltйs Love the rides. Being able to walk next to his beloved owner and learn to discover new scents and friends to play with is one of his great pleasures. It is enough with 2 walks a day, although you will love being able to go out more times even if it is to accompany your family shopping or the football game of the school.

It is a patient dog, who is able to reach a great understanding with his owner, so he will not hesitate to decrease his accelerated pace if he sees that the person who walks him is at a slower pace, as usually happens with older people. Although if the one who walks him is one of the little ones, he will start running without thinking twice. To the Bichуn Maltйs He loves to make his family happy.


Bichуn Maltйs is a very awake dog when it comes to learning training If we find a good motivator that encourages you to overcome. It has a great advantage that is his eagerness to please his owner, so having this as a reference, we can teach him many tricks and obedience.

At vet, Bichуn Maltйs usually presents the typical problems of small dogs, which is a mouth with a tendency to generate tartar and delicate skin that must be treated with care. Being white-haired, your pinkish skin can burn with the sun, so you don't have to shave it, or suffer a lot if brushing becomes rough.

Therefore, in the dog grooming You should be treated with high quality cosmetics that respect your skin. You should brush daily to avoid knots and oxygenate your skin, although if you want to lighten this task, you can ask the hairdresser to make a puppy-style cut.


If you are interested in including as a partner of v> 93 590 93 97 . We will solve all your doubts about having a dog, we can advise you on the breed and we will inform you about the available litters of Bichуn Maltйs. You can also take a look at our puppies available.


He Australian Cobberdog, popularly known as Labradoodle, is the first breed in the world developed to perform the work of therapy and assistance to perfection. It is hypoallergenic, with a very balanced temperament, peaceful and very easy to train. That is why this breed has been selected to form the therapy dog ​​team for the solidarity projects that we are carrying out with hospitals and associations.


Our Labradors Retriever They have demonstrated in countless occasions their exceptional capacity as assistance dog. A strong health, a balanced temperament and great intelligence define the DOGKING Labradors. For these reasons, our genetic line has been selected to train our Labradors Retriever as guide dogs Y canine therapists, two of the most demanding jobs for a dog.


The Schnauzer is very cheerful, understanding, intelligent and affectionate. They are very loyal dogs that give themselves to their family in body and soul. That is why very special links are created between the Schnauzer and their owners, and it is very common that someone who has had this race does not want to change.

Bichon Maltese dog character

Se trata de un perro de pequeño tamaño pero de gran corazón, el temperamento del Bichón Maltés es jovial y alegre, muy cariñoso y apegado a su dueño. Le encantará jugar y hacer tonterías para llamar nuestra atención y que le demos más mimos.

Esta raza de perro es muy tranquila y afectuosa, incluso se podría decir que llega a ser amable. Le encanta acomodarse en el hogar y disfrutar de la compañía de su familia, con la que creará enlaces afectivos muy intensos.

Los cachorros de Bichón Maltés tienen un carácter similar, son un poco traviesos al igual que los ejemplares jóvenes, los cuales harán toda clase de gracietas para mantenernos contentos y expectantes. Pero si lo mimamos en exceso puede llegar a ser excesivamente caprichoso.

Se trata de una raza muy recomendada para familias con niños o personas que busquen una buena compañía. Por contra es un perro que suele angustiarse mucho cuando se queda solo, ya que le encanta estar siempre con la familia.

Diferencias entre el Bichón Maltés Americano y el Europeo

También conocido cómo Bichón Maltés Toy debido a su reducido tamaño, el Bichón Maltés americano dista mucho físicamente de su versión Europea, son tantas las diferencias que distinguirlos es realmente sencillo.

Los cachorros de Bichón Maltés pueden parecernos idénticos independientemente de si son Europeos o Americanos, sin embargo en su edad adulta, el Bichón de América es mucho mas pequeño que el Bichón de Europa.

Lo que ha dado lugar a diferenciarlos cómo Toy o Mini, ya que apenas superan los dos kilos de peso. Estas son las principales diferencias entre ambas lineas de cría:

  • El tamaño es muy inferior , el bichón maltés Americano es mucho mas pequeño que el Europeo. Mientras que el Europeo tiene un peso de entre cuatro y cinco kilos cuando es adulto, el Americano apenas supera los dos kilos. Por eso recibe el nombre de bichon maltes toy o miniatura.
  • El hocico está achatado , mientras que la versión Europea presenta un hocico normal no muy alargado, el Bichón Americano apenas tiene hocico, por lo que su trufa permanece mas pegada a su cara.
  • Su patitas son muy cortas , y es que el tamaño miniatura del Bichón Americano Toy afecta a todo el cuerpo del perro, haciendo que sus patitas sean muy pequeñas en comparación con el Bichón Europeo.
  • Cuerpo muy compacto , nada tiene que ver el cuerpo algo alargado del Bichón de Europa con el cuerpo compacto del Bichón de América.
  • Mucho mas peludo , parecido a un gran peluche repleto de pelo pomposo y suave, el Bichón Americano tiene una cantidad de pelo mucho mayor que el Bichón Europeo. Su pelo es más largo, abundante, suave y pomposo.

Cómo ves las diferencias son muy notorias, por lo que diferenciar entre el Americano y el Europeo es realmente sencillo a simple vista. No obstante si aun te quedan dudas, siempre puedes solicitar al criador de perros el certificado de pedigree.

Cuidados necesarios para un Bichón Maltés

A pesar de su reducido tamaño al Bichón Maltés le encanta salir a pasear y realizar largas caminatas, siempre a su ritmo y sin obligarlo a ejercitase cuando no quiera. No es un perro para llevar a correr o andar en bici pero si para dar largos paseos.

Se llevará bien con otros animales y mascotas, aunque debido a su tamaño toy debemos tener precaución para que no lo lastimen.

Dado que es muy pequeño, no es necesaria una gran inversión para su alimentación, eligiendo siempre un pienso específico para perros de razas pequeñas, ya que de lo contrario, podría atragantarse con las croquetas.

Sus ojos tienen a lagrimear por lo que se remienda dar baños oculares con agua destilada, infusión de manzanilla o suero fisiológico, el veterinario nos indicará cómo debemos hacerlo para no lastimarlo.

Su salud es fuerte, resistente y raras veces presenta problemas serios. Así que bastará con ponerle las vacunas obligatorias y mantenerlo correctamente desparasitado y protegido contra pulgas o otros parásitos.

Cómo consejo extra, es recomendable limpiarle las orejas con asiduidad para evitar que contraigan suciedad que pueda crear infecciones. Con una gasa húmeda podremos limpiarlas fácilmente.

Cómo cuidar el pelo de un Bichón Maltés

Nuestro Bichón Maltés tendrá en su edad adulta un pelo largo, fino y sedoso que requiere de cuidados específicos para que se mantenga limpio, sano y libre de nudos y parásitos. El Bichón Maltés Toy o Mini tiene el pelo más largo que el Europeo, por lo que debemos ser más previsores aun.

Estos son los cuidados necesarios para mantener su pelo limpio y sano:

  1. Debemos cepillar su pelo todos los días con un cepillo específico para pelo largo y fino. De esta forma eliminaremos los nudos, la suciedad y posibles pulgas o parásitos.
  2. Bañar a nuestro Bichón al menos un par de veces al mes es muy recomendable, al ser tan pequeños con frecuencia recogen suciedad del suelo, que puede generar nudos e infecciones.
  3. El aceite de pescado es un complemento nutricional que puede aportar un toque de brillo extra al pelo de nuestro Bichón, podemos conseguirlo en cualquier clínica veterinaria.
  4. Cuando bañemos a nuestro perro, debemos secar bien su pelo con toallas y con la ayuda del secador. Siempre con cu >La alimentación del Bichón Maltés

Al tratarse de una raza de tamaño muy pequeño la inversión en alimentación será también pequeña, por lo que no debemos escatimar en calidad. Cuanta mas calidad tenga su comida, menos problemas de salud tendrá.

Tenemos dos opciones para alimentar a nuestro Bichón Maltés, utilizar los clásicos piensos comerciales, entre los que destacamos marcas cómo NFNatcane, Orijen o Taste. O por contra, pasar de la comida industrial y alimentar a nuestro perro con productos naturales, lo que se conoce cómo dieta BARF.

Si optamos por el pienso comercial, debemos buscar una gama que sea específica para perros mini o toy, es decir, para perros muy pequeños. Esto es totalmente necesario porque el tamaño de las croquetas estará adaptado a su pequeña boca, evitando así que se atragante.

Debemos elegir un pienso que contenga ingredientes de alta calidad, así que mirar la etiqueta de ingredientes será totalmente necesario. Debemos evitar harinas cárnicas y subproductos cárnicos. Lo mejor es encontrar un pienso a case de carne deshidratada, hidrolizada o fresca.

Si optamos por la dieta BARF, podremos apreciar grandes cambios, sobre todo en el pelo, ya que los beneficios de la alimentación natural para perros incluyen entre otras cosas, heces mas pequeñas y menos olorosas, mas vitalidad y un colo y brillo del pelo muy superior.

Sin embargo, cómo nuestro Bichón es de tamaño mini, no es recomendable darle huesos ni carne sin haber pasado previamente por la trituradora. Debemos dejar su comida cómo si fuera un puré, fino y sin posibilidad de causar atragantamientos.

Cómo educar a un Bichón Maltés

No se trata de una raza peligrosa, agresiva ni tan siquiera intimidante. Dado su pequeño tamaño debemos centrarnos mas en socializar que en adiestrar, ya que no requiere de conductas específicas.

No obstante, si queremos enseñarle algún truco cómo acudir a nuestra llamada o sentarse a nuestra orden, siempre debemos hacerlo usando técnicas de adiestramiento con refuerzo positivo.

Nunca debemos castigar ni agredir físicamente a nuestro perro, porque contraerá miedos y su conducta cambiará radicalmente. Siempre debemos ser suaves y premiar lo que haga bien, mientras que ignoremos lo que haga mal.

Socializar a nuestro Bichón Maltés es fundamental para que sea un perro extrovertido y simpático con otros animales, mascotas, perros e incluso personas. Socializarlo consiste en hacer que se integre en su entorno.

Para ello, es muy recomendable acudir frecuentemente y desde cachorro, a parques de perros, para que pueda conocer a otros perros y personas, jugar con ellos, etc…

Es un error muy común humanizar al perro, el tamaño de nuestro Bichón Maltés mini o toy hace de el un perro muy versátil, lo que hace muy cómodo cogerlo en brazos. Este es un gran error que puede hacer que su caracter se vuelva tosco.

Cuidados para cachorros de Bichón Maltés

Indiferentemente de si se trata de un Bichón Maltés Americano Toy o un Bichón Maltés Europeo, de tamaño algo mayor, los cuidados para los cachorros son idénticos.

Desde que nacen hasta que cumplen casi los tres meses de vida, deben permanecer junto a su madre. Su alimentación consistirá en la leche materna, dado que es la más saludable.

Si no tienen acceso a su madre, entonces debemos comprar leche especial parta cachorros en un centro veterinario y dársela con biberón, varias veces al día.

Nuestro veterinario nos dará las pautas para poner las vacunas a los cachorros, de forma que cuando tengan las básicas, ya podamos sacarlos a pasear sin peligro de que enfermen. Así podremos además, ir acostumbrándolos a hacer sus necesidades fuera de casa.

A partir de los tres meses podemos comenzar a alimentarlos con un pienso especial para cachorros de razas muy pequeñas, y a partir de los seis meses de vida, incluso podemos integrar la alimentación natural.

En los paseos debemos dejar que sea el cachorro de Bichón Maltés el que marque el ritmo, sin obligarlo a pasear ni ejercitarse si el no quiere. Lo ideal, es dejarle jugar con otros cachorros, ya que es la mejor forma de liberar energía al a par de pasarlo bien.

Si vivimos en una zona muy fría, podemos usar ropa especial para perros durante las salidas, de forma que estén calentitos ya que los cachorros son muy sensibles a los cambios climáticos (calor dentro de casa, frio en la calle).


El bichón maltés es un perro adecuado para interiores que se siente realizado incluso en pisos y espacios pequeños. Puede resultar complicado adiestrar a esta raza para controlar sus esfínteres, y tienden a ser caprichosos a la hora de comer. La muda de los bichones malteses es ligera y son mascotas aceptables para la mayor parte de alérgicos. Se recomienda realizar un cepillado diario y baños habituales para evitar que el pelo se enrede. El pelo que rodea los ojos debe limpiarse a diario para evitar un lagrimeo excesivo.

Durante más de veintiocho siglos, el spaniel maltés ha sido el aristócrata del mundo de los perros. Se cree que el Bichón maltés procede de Malta, una isla al sur de Sicilia. Parece muy oportuno que un perro tan noble se originase en Malta, cuya civilización se caracterizaba por su sofisticación y opulencia.

Un bichón maltés digno de mención, Issa, era propiedad de Publio, el gobernador de Malta en el siglo I. Una célebre inscripción describía a Issa como "travieso [. ] más puro que el beso de una paloma, más dulce que una doncella [. ] más valioso que las joyas indias". Muchos escritores y académicos famosos, como Plinio el Viejo y Estrabón, escribieron sobre la belleza, finura e irresistible encanto del minúsculo bichón maltés. Los griegos erigieron tumbas a estos animales y, desde el siglo V, estos ornamentados perros se representan en el arte cerámico griego. Se han conservado pruebas arqueológicas que demuestran que los egipcios tenían Bichones malteses, raza a la que posiblemente adoraban.

El bichón maltés ha sido un animal muy preciado en la alta sociedad a lo largo de la historia. De hecho, se habla de un bichón maltés que se vendió en el siglo XVI por el equivalente a 2.000 dólares. Al parecer los bichones malteses eran especialmente populares entre las mujeres, que los llevaban en sus pecheras o mangas. Los académicos de tiempos pasados constantemente hacían notar el tamaño diminuto de esta raza. En 1792, el botánico Linneo dijo, refiriéndose a los bichones malteses, que "eran más bien del tamaño de las ardillas". El primer Bichón maltés que se expuso en los Estados Unidos era blanco y se registró como "perro león maltés" en la primera exposición canina de Westminster, en 1877. El American Kennel Club registró esta raza en 1888.